womans face

What Is My Skin Type?

An expert guide to the 4 different skin types: normal, dry, oily and combination, how to know your skin type and the most effective management techniques.

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What Is My Skin Type?

An individual's skin type is determined by one’s genetics, however, it can be influenced by internal and external factors. This is why it is important to identify the different skin types and your skin type so you can ensure you are choosing the correct skin care and make-up to nurture your skin. Ingredients and routines that may work wonders for one skin type may cause breakouts and dry skin for others - leaving people asking ‘what is my skin type?’. Within this advice article we will be talking through the 4 main skin types: normal, dry, oily and combination, bringing insight to how to recognise one as your own and learning how to manage it. 

Find out how you discover ‘what is my skin type?’ below:

 

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4 Main Skin Types

Skin Type 1: Normal Skin

Out of the 4 main skin types, ‘Normal Skin’ has the most balanced sebum production, making the skin not too oily nor too dry. Normal skin types are also not prone to breakouts so have little blemishes and instead a smooth texture and even complexion. 

How to know your skin type?

  • Not too oily not too dry
  • Regular/smooth texture
  • Even complexion
  • Little to no imperfections
  • Small, less visible pores
  • No severe sensitivity
  • Well circulated and elastic
 

womans face

How do I look after my skin?

  1. Skin Care Routine: as lovely as it is to have identified your skin type as normal, do not take it for granted. The importance of a skin care routine is still high, to ensure your skin stays well exfoliated and rid of any dirt and impurities, which naturally congregate throughout the day. Read how to wash your face properly.
  2. Anti-Ageing: the ageing process creeps up on us all, so get ahead of the game by using Florena’s Anti-Wrinkle Day Cream, a natural and effective anti-aging treatment for your face. Enriched with honeysuckle, fermented olive oil and hyaluronic acid, our hydrating formula has a powerful natural antioxidant action to protect the skin and leave it feeling soft, supple and looking youthful.

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4 Main Skin Types

Skin Type 2: Dry Skin

woman with cream on face

 

The 4 main skin types have different characteristics - dry skin can feel rough and flaky. This is often affected by external factors such as the cold weather, lack of moisture in the air or the overuse of hot water on the skin - such as long baths. The symptoms can be temporary however, on occasion dry skin is genetic, where the skin doesn’t produce enough sebum; consequently struggling to retain moisture. 

How to know your skin type?

 

  • Flaky, rough texture
  • Tight and less elastic
  • Irritable and itchy
  • Shows more visible lines
  • Hidden pores
  • Red, scaly patches
 

How do I look after my skin?

  1. Moisturise: dry skin lacks moisture or lipids therefore, feels tight due to little elasticity. Help with regular moisturising, preferably after a shower or bath when your pores are open and more receptive. Try Florena’s Hydrating Day Cream, a natural treatment to take care of your face, with fermented camellia sinensis and fermented olive oil. This provides long-lasting hydration and nourishment for 24 hours, for naturally soft, nourished and velvety skin.
  2. Less Hot Water: less steamy showers and baths will prevent dryness, here’s an analogy to help explain: if you think about when you burn your tongue on a hot chocolate and for a while afterwards the patch of your tongue is dry and rough - this is what can happen to your skin overtime if exposed to frequent hot water. To counterbalance this, (as who wants to give up a relaxing bath?!) use more lukewarm water to protect your skin's moisture. 
  3. Air Moisture: make sure your thermostat isn’t too high and taking the moisture from the air. If turning this down still isn’t helping, invest in a humidifier and place it in your bedroom, home office or where you spend the majority of your time. Out of the different skin types, dry skin will benefit from the humidifier most of all, as it will increase air moisture and help build a protective moisture barrier for your skin. 

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4 Main Skin Types

Skin Type 3: Oily Skin

 

Oily skin is caused by too much sebum, which is an oily substance secreted from the sebaceous glands found on the surface of our skin. Well balanced sebum holds moisture, however, too much results in a greasy, shiny appearance with particular formation on the T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin). Oily skin is often due to genetic or hormonal causes and can result in blemishes and enlarged pores. 

 

How to know your skin type?

 

  • Blemishes
  • Large pores
  • Black heads
  • Shiny T-Zone
 

side of womans face

 

How do I look after my skin?

  1. Skin Care Routine: all the different skin types require a bespoke skin care routine. For those with oily and spot prone skin, a strict morning and night time skin care routine is imperative to rid your skin of excess oils. Before you go to sleep it is important you remove any make-up, dirt or impurities by double cleansing, preventing blocked pores and breakouts. However, make sure you do not strip your skin of all moisture, which only encourages your skin to overcompensate with sebum (this is a common mistake). Florena’s gentle face cleansers enriched with fermented jasmine and angelica oil is known to effectively purify the skin whilst preserving natural hydration. Finish your routine with a light moisturiser before bed, giving your skin the tools to regenerate skin cells as you sleep.
  2. Pamper: once a week we recommend a face mask to increase healthy moisture levels and a gentle face scrub to reach deep impurities. Check out Florena’s 24H Hydrating Face Mask with fermented camelia oil for a hydration boost.
  3. No Touching: try to not touch your skin when you aren’t commencing with your skin care routine as this spreads bacteria and increases chances of blemishes and acne. A top tip would be to try and do a quick make-up routine in the mornings to discourage yourself from touching your face.
  4. Blotting Paper: look into buying some blotting paper to use throughout the day to absorb excess sebum and leave you feeling refreshed. This is especially useful during the summer when you are more likely to perspire.

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4 Main Skin Types

Skin Type 4: Combination Skin

smiling woman

 

Combination skin can leave people asking ‘what is my skin type?’ well it is what it says on the tin, a combination of skin types. Characteristics are commonly an oily T-Zone, encouraging blemishes, and normal to dry cheeks; making one's skin care routine that bit more difficult to perfect.

 

How to know your skin type?

  • Blackheads
  • Shiny skin on the T-Zone
  • Dry skin on the U-Zone
  • Enlarged pores
 

 

How do I look after my skin?

  1. Skin Care Routine: ensure that you are cleansing your skin morning and night with particular attention to your T-Zone. Learn more about the correct skin care routine for combination skin.
  2. Use a non-greasy, fast absorbing moisturiser, thereby not encouraging sebum, but still catering to the dryness of your cheeks. 
  3. Look out for products which are suited for all skin types such as Florena’s Regenerating Facial Oil, which is enriched with fermented white helichrysum and argan safflower oil. This product can be added to a day cream or face mask to allow your skin to reap the benefits without being a pure oil product.

We hope this article helps you identify ‘what is my skin type?’  and has put you on the right path to taking care of your skin. 

 

Florenas products for 4 main skin types:

All of our Florena products have been dermatologist approved to cater to all skin types - allowing you to avoid the hassle of researching any further.
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